2016 Moon Phase Chart - The timing of moon phases and zodiac signs to help you with gardening.

The Full Moon:
A time for plants to establish themselves

The Full Moon - A time of balance

Full Moon - Moon PhaseThe Full Moon is the apex of the above ground planting cycle. Seeds of above ground crops, that were planted during the waxing of the moon, should now be in a state of germination. This is a time of balanced growth and the period when plants establish themselves. Do no planting during the Full Moon. As it is a time of equilibrium when the moon transitions from waxing to waning.

Root crops, or plants that produce their bounty below the ground, should now be readied for planting or transplanting. As the Full Moon begins to wane it's gravitational and radiant effects begin to encourage root growth of below ground crops that mature their fruit beneath the soil.

Gardening during a full moon

Soil Preparation

Soil amendments are often applied during this time. Fertilizers seem to work best when applied during a Full Moon or New Moon. Prepare the planting beds for your root crops now and they will be ready for action as the Full Moon begins to wane. Also, this is a good time for soil preparation in your garden.


The Full Moon stands for illumination and completion. Harvesting and preservation is best performed during a Full Moon. At this time plants, especially herbs, are at their peak of flavor and nutrition (i.e. medical herbs gathered under a Full Moon are said to have great powers). So, if your crops have fully matured then use this moon phase as a time for reaping the bounties of nature.

The Harvest Moon

The Harvest Moon is not a normal full moon. It rises and falls differently than at other times of the year. Normally the Moon rises about 50 minutes later each 24 hours. At the autumnal equinox the day-to-day difference in the local time of moonrise is only 30 minutes. This means that the Harvest Moon rises at sunset during the autumn equinox.

Full moon names by month


Old Moon, or Moon After Yule


Snow Moon, Hunger Moon, or Wolf Moon


Sap Moon, Crow Moon, or Lenten Moon


Grass Moon, or Egg Moon


Planting Moon, or Milk Moon


Rose Moon, Flower Moon, or Strawberry Moon


Thunder Moon, or Hay Moon


Green Corn Moon, or Grain Moon


Fruit Moon, or Harvest Moon


Harvest Moon, or Hunter’s Moon


Hunter’s Moon, Frosty Moon, or Beaver Moon


Moon Before Yule, or Long Night Moon

Extra moonlight

Northern farmers who are working long days to harvest their crops before autumn benefit from the extra moonlight. The abundance of light provided by the full Moon, closest to the autumn equinox, is what gives the Harvest Moon its name.

The Full Moon in the southern hemisphere

In the southern hemisphere, such as in the Australian hardiness zones, the Full Moon behaves in exactly the opposite way: there will be an extra long time between moonrises from one evening to the next.
Since this is the end of winter, down under, harvesting is not an issue. Instead the spring equinox is best for harvesting in the southern hemisphere.

Spring Gardening