A time of increasing moonlight (waxing moon)
In the Second Quarter moon (i.e. waxing half moon) the moonlight is strong and increasing. It is a time during which the effects of the moon and the timing of your planting encourage growth.
This is a good time for planting and/or transplanting in your garden.
Above ground crops or plants that produce their yields above ground are benefited by the ever increasing brightness of the moon. Also, it is believed to be the optimum point during which new growth takes hold and maximum germination occurs. All above ground vegetables, seeds and transplants, should be sown now for the greatest moon phase benefits.
The second quarter moon is divided into two planting stages.
1 - New Moon thru Second Quarter Moon
This is the time to plant leafy crops
Plant seeds and transplants of leafy plants during the time spanning the New Moon and the Second Quarter Moon. These would include swiss chard and herbs as well as any other plant that's harvested for its leaves.
Other examples of such crops are lettuce, spinach, celery, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, and grain crops such as wheat and barley. Cucumbers are believed to like this phase also, even though they are an exception to the rule.
A time to plant gymnosperms (plants that bear their seeds outside of the vegetable)
This is also the optimal time for setting plants that bear their seeds on the outside of the fruit. (i.e. strawberries, corn, etc.) Known as Gymnosperms this type of vegetation has seeds that are not enclosed in an ovary but are exposed on the outer portion of the vegetable. Be sure to plant or transplant Gymnosperms between the New Moon and the Second Quarter Moon.
2 - Second Quarter Moon thru the Full Moon
This window of opportunity is a time when the moon most influences plants that bear their seeds inside the fruit. These would include tomatoes, melons, peppers and eggplant. Technically these plants are classified as Angiosperm, a class of plant that has it's seeds enclosed in an ovary; includes flowering plants. Be sure to plant or transplant Angiosperms between the Second Quarter and Full Moon.
Second Quarter Crops
In general the types of crops that prefer the second quarter moon phase are annuals that produce their fruits above the ground, such as beans, peas, squash, etc.
This is also the preferred time to plant flowers, grass, trees and shrubs as they also are considered above ground crops.
If in doubt always plant anything that produces the majority of it's produce above the ground during this phase of the moon. The increasing effects of the moon at this time encourages the germination of seeds and the setting of new roots.